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Quiz about Mesmerizing Madagascar
Quiz about Mesmerizing Madagascar

Mesmerizing Madagascar Trivia Quiz


This quiz is about the history and random facts about the country of Madagascar, located off the coast of Africa.

A multiple-choice quiz by ThurstAsh. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
ThurstAsh
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
324,035
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
2846
Awards
Top 35% Quiz
Last 3 plays: donna399 (6/10), federererer (7/10), mandy2 (8/10).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. Before Madagascar became an island, it was still attached to a subcontinent. What is the name of the subcontinent? Hint

Western Asian subcontinent
North American subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
Australian subcontinent

2. Which Portuguese ship captain was the first to sight the island known today as Madagascar? Hint

Bartolomeu Dias
Vasco da Gama
Edward Teach
Diogo Dias

3. Who began to inhabit Madagascar from the late 17th century through the early 18th century? Hint

Mercenaries
Pirates
Elephant Poachers
Incans

4. Starting in 1787, the Imerina, or Merina Kingdom, ruled over Madagascar. The Imerina leaders were captured by French forces in 1897. The leaders were then sent into exile. Where were the Imerina leaders sent? Hint

Algeria
Swaziland
France
Nigeria

5. What country did Madagascar gain independence from in 1960? Hint

Spain
U.S.A.
France
Portugal

6. On January 24, 2009 in Antananarivo, the capital of Madagascar, a strike was called by Andry Rajoelina, who was the mayor of Antananarivo at the time. The protest was against how the president was running the country. The protest quickly turned violent. Who was the president of Madagascar at the time? Hint

Didier Ratsiraka
Marc Ravalomanana
Radma II
Monja Roindefo

7. One of Madagascar's major exports is vanilla. What major soda company buys some of Madagascar's vanilla to use in their soda? Hint

RC Cola
Pepsi
Coca-Cola
Jones Soda

8. What language became an official language of Madagascar in 2007? Hint

Spanish
Canadian
Italian
English

9. "Ry Tanindrazanay malala !" is the title of the Madagascar national anthem in its native language, Malagasy. What does it translate to into English?
Hint

Oh, Our Beloved Fatherland
Madagascar Is the Greatest
Oh, Madagascar Is Our Father
Oh, Our Sacred Land

10. What site in Madagascar was chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1990? Hint

The Royal Hill of Ambohimanga
Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve
Rainforests of the Atsinanana
Abu Simbel


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Before Madagascar became an island, it was still attached to a subcontinent. What is the name of the subcontinent?

Answer: Indian subcontinent

Madagascar became an island approximately 160 million years ago, after splitting from Africa. It was then attached to the Indian subcontinent for a long period of time. As the Indian subcontinent slowly made its way up into Asia, Madagascar was breaking apart.

It is believed that around 80 to 100 million years ago Madagascar became an island, after separating from the Indian subcontinent.
2. Which Portuguese ship captain was the first to sight the island known today as Madagascar?

Answer: Diogo Dias

In 1500, a Portuguese ship captain, Diogo Dias, sighted the island now known as Madagascar. While sailing with a fleet of ships heading towards India, Diogo's ship strayed off course. Diogo, and later other Portuguese ship captains, traded some goods with the islanders. Diogo called the island St. Lawrence.
3. Who began to inhabit Madagascar from the late 17th century through the early 18th century?

Answer: Pirates

Around 1680 pirates started to set up camps on Madagascar's coasts. Famous pirates such as William Kidd, Thomas Tew, and Henry Every were just some of the many pirates that had bases on some of the many islands of Madagascar. The pirates that inhabited Madagascar would attack ships, heading from Asia to Europe, and steal their silks, spices, and other goods that the ships were transporting.
4. Starting in 1787, the Imerina, or Merina Kingdom, ruled over Madagascar. The Imerina leaders were captured by French forces in 1897. The leaders were then sent into exile. Where were the Imerina leaders sent?

Answer: Algeria

Ramboasalama was the nephew of the ruler Ambohimanga, both of whom were Merinas. Ramboasalama then expelled his uncle and gained control of his uncle's kingdom in 1785. Ramboasalama took the throne under the name Andrianampoinimerina. There were many different Merina tribes across the land that is now called Madagascar.

He united these tribes by marrying princesses of the different Merina tribes, and by 1788 he had established a kingdom that would be known as the Imerina. After Andrianampoinimerina stepped down six more rulers would control the Merina Kingdom, before being sent into exile.

In 1883 Madagascar was invaded by France. This invasion began the Franco-Hova War. The French won the war, with the signing of a treaty that gave France control over Madagascar's foreign policy.

Then the Second Franco-Hova War broke out in 1894. The war officially ended in September of 1895, when Queen Ranavalona III surrendering. In 1896 the French National Assembly voted to annex Madagascar. The Queen, after being deposed with the rest of the royal family, was sent into exile in Algiers, Algeria in 1897.
5. What country did Madagascar gain independence from in 1960?

Answer: France

Madagascar was imperialized by Great Britain in the 19th century. Great Britain allowed a French Protectorate in Madagascar, in return for control over Zanzibar, which later became Tanzania. After World War II ended, the Malagasy people, the inhabitants of Madagascar at the time, started to form movements and revolts in the country to overthrow the French.

In 1958 the Malagasy Republic was formed, and this gave the denizens of Madagascar a government. In 1959 a constitution was made. Then on June 26, 1960, Madagascar became fully independent from France. Philibert Tsiranana became Madagascar's first president after becoming fully independent. Denizens of Madagascar are called Malagasy.
6. On January 24, 2009 in Antananarivo, the capital of Madagascar, a strike was called by Andry Rajoelina, who was the mayor of Antananarivo at the time. The protest was against how the president was running the country. The protest quickly turned violent. Who was the president of Madagascar at the time?

Answer: Marc Ravalomanana

Andry Rajoelina was elected mayor of Antananarivo in late 2007. There was a lot of tension between Andry and Marc Ravalomanana. Andry went as far as to call Marc a dictator. On January 24 and 25 of 2009, Andry and his fellow citizens of Madagascar assembled in Antananarivo to protest. On January 26, 2009, the protests turned violent.

The protesters set fire to a radio station, a television station, and robbed local shops. After setting fire to another radio station dead bodies started turning up.

A total of 44 people died in the attacks that took place on January 26, 2009. As the amount of protest being held rose, so did the death toll. On March 17, 2009 Ravalomanana resigned as President of Madagascar, and fled to Swaziland. Just four days later Rajoelina was sworn in as President of Madagascar.

The crisis would eventually end on November 7, 2009. The death toll reached over 130 deaths. A unity government deal was reached between both parties of the fighting. There was also a creation of two co-presidents.

The two Malagasy people who were named co-presidents were Emmanuel Rakotovahiny and Fetison Rakoto Andrianirina.
7. One of Madagascar's major exports is vanilla. What major soda company buys some of Madagascar's vanilla to use in their soda?

Answer: Coca-Cola

The Coca-Cola Company was a major buyer of vanilla that came from Madagascar. In 1985 Coca-Cola introduced the New Coke formula, which involved using synthetic vanillin, instead of real vanilla. Due to the switch from vanilla to vanillin Madagascar's economy dropped a lot.

When the customer's of Coca-Cola showed their dissatisfaction for the new formula, Coca-Cola switched back to their old formula. Madagascar's economy then rose back to its normal levels before the new formula was released.
8. What language became an official language of Madagascar in 2007?

Answer: English

Malagasy and French were the first official languages of Madagascar. On April 27, 2007 English was officially dubbed an official language of Madagascar. English was named an official language to help improve the relations between English-speaking nations around the world and also to help promote foreign direct investment.
9. "Ry Tanindrazanay malala !" is the title of the Madagascar national anthem in its native language, Malagasy. What does it translate to into English?

Answer: Oh, Our Beloved Fatherland

The Madagascar national anthem is made up of three stanzas and a chorus. The lyrics were written by Norbert Raharisoa. The music that goes to the anthem was composed by Pasteur Rahajason. The anthem was written in 1958.

Here's the anthem in Malagasy:

"Ry Tanindrazanay malala !
Ry Madagasikara soa.
Ny Fitiavanay anao tsy miala,
Fa ho anao, ho anao doria tokoa.

Tahionao ry Zanahary
'Ty Nosindrazanay ity
Hiadana sy ho finaritra
He! Sambatra tokoa izahay.

Ry Tanindrazanay malala !
Irinay mba hanompoan'anao
Ny tena sy fo fanahy anananay,
'Zay sarobidy sy mendrika tokoa.

Ry Tanindrazanay malala !
Irinay mba hitahian'anao,
Ka Ilay Nahary 'zao tontolo izao
No fototra ijoroan'ny satanao."

This is national anthem after being translated into English:

"Oh, Our beloved fatherland
Oh good Madagascar.
Our love for you will not leave,
For you, for you for ever.

Bless you, oh Creator
This island of our ancestors
To live in peace and joy
Hey! We are truly blessed.

Oh our beloved fatherland!
We wish to serve you with
The body and heart, spirit that is ours,
You are precious and truly deserving.

Oh our beloved fatherland!
We wish that you will be blessed,
So that the Creator of this world
Will be the foundation of your laws."
10. What site in Madagascar was chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1990?

Answer: Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve

UNESCO stands for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. In order to have a site in a country become a UNESCO World Heritage Site it must meet one of ten criteria. Six of the criteria are cultural, while the other four are natural criteria. Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve was Madagascar's first site to be named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve is a nature reserve located near Morondava, Antsalova. In the reserve are various types of lemurs indigenous to Madagascar, wild birds also indigenous to Madagascar, and mangrove forests. Since becoming a World Heritage Site, the southern portion of the nature reserve was converted into a national park. The northern portion of the area was left as a strict nature reserve.

The Royal Hill of Ambohimanga was chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001, and the Rainforest of the Atsinanana in 2007. Abu Simbel is actually in Egypt and was chosen in 1979 as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Source: Author ThurstAsh

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor gtho4 before going online.
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Jun 03 2023 : donna399: 6/10
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