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Quiz about AZ Famous Peace Treaties
Quiz about AZ Famous Peace Treaties

A-Z Famous Peace Treaties Trivia Quiz


This quiz deals with twenty famous peace treaties throughout history. I ask you: Where were they signed?

A multiple-choice quiz by author. Estimated time: 9 mins.
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Author
author
Time
9 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
191,794
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
20
Difficulty
Difficult
Avg Score
10 / 20
Plays
789
- -
Question 1 of 20
1. A.By a peace treaty signed in this city (1802) Napoleon reached the first high point of his power. Hint


Question 2 of 20
2. B. This city was the scene of a congress (1878) by which Romania, Serbia and Montenegro became independent states. Hint


Question 3 of 20
3. C. This city was the scene of a treaty (1660) by which Denmark ceded to Sweden the southern part of the Scandinavian peninsula.

Answer: (One Word)
Question 4 of 20
4. D. In a peace treaty in this city (1745) after the 2nd Silesian War Austria confirmed the loss of Silesia to Prussia. Hint


Question 5 of 20
5. E. By a treaty in this city, then called Adrianople (1829) Russia secured the control of the Danube mouths and the right to protect Greece.

Answer: (One Word)
Question 6 of 20
6. F. This city was the scene of the signing of the final peace of the Franco-Prussian war in 1871. Hint


Question 7 of 20
7. G. This city was the scene (1576) of a treaty between the Protestant provinces of Holland and Zeeland. They agreed upon the terms on which they would accept a peace with Spain. Hint


Question 8 of 20
8. H. On February 15, 1763 a treaty was signed here between Prussia and Austria to end the European part of the Seven Years' War (1756-63). It was later followed by a final treaty, made in Paris the same year to end the non-European part of the war, also called the French and Indian War. Hint


Question 9 of 20
9. K. This city was the scene of the signing of a treaty (1699) by Austria, Poland, Venice and the Ottoman Empire in which the Ottomans formally ceded various lands in Europe which it had lost in the preceding war, thus making the beginning of the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire. Hint


Question 10 of 20
10. L. By a treaty of this city (1629) Denmark withdrew from the Thirty Years' War. Hint


Question 11 of 20
11. M. The Treaty of Westphalia was signed here (1648) ending the Thirty Years' War. Hint


Question 12 of 20
12. N. According to the peace treaty of this city (1721) Sweden lost Karelia to Russia after the Great Northern War (1700-21). Hint


Question 13 of 20
13. O. A peace treaty was signed here (1660) by which the war between Poland and Sweden (1655-60) was ended. Hint


Question 14 of 20
14. P. The following important treaties were signed here: 1763 (concluding the Seven Years' War), 1783 (War of American Independence), 1814 and 1815 (Napoleonic Wars), 1856 (Crimean War), 1898 (Spanish-American War).

Answer: (One Word - five letters)
Question 15 of 20
15. R. According to the peace treaty of this city (1697) the War of the Grand Alliance, also called the War of the Palatinate or the War of the League of Augsburg (1688-97) was ended. Hint


Question 16 of 20
16. S. A peace treaty of this city (1878) led to the enlargement of the Balkan states (Bulgaria) at the expence of European Turkey. Hint


Question 17 of 20
17. T. By a treaty between France, Russia and Prussia signed here (1807) Napoleon reached the second high point of his career. Hint


Question 18 of 20
18. U. A treaty signed in this city (1713) ended the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1713/14).

Answer: (One Word)
Question 19 of 20
19. V. This city was the site of a congress (1814-15) which organized Europe following the reign of French Emperor Napoleon.

Answer: (One Word)
Question 20 of 20
20. Z. After the War of Italian unification Napoleon III of France pressed for a quick reconciliation with Austria. This happened by a peace treaty in this city (1859).

Answer: (One Word)

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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. A.By a peace treaty signed in this city (1802) Napoleon reached the first high point of his power.

Answer: Amiens

As a result, England surrendered all colonial conquests (except Ceylon and Trinidad). The French, in turn, abandoned Egypt.
2. B. This city was the scene of a congress (1878) by which Romania, Serbia and Montenegro became independent states.

Answer: Berlin

Other results: The newly independent Bulgaria lost Macedonia and Eastern Rumelia to Turkey, Russia obtained Bessarabia, Britain gained Cyprus.
3. C. This city was the scene of a treaty (1660) by which Denmark ceded to Sweden the southern part of the Scandinavian peninsula.

Answer: Copenhagen

Denmark lost Skåne (Scania), Halland and Blekinge to Sweden.
4. D. In a peace treaty in this city (1745) after the 2nd Silesian War Austria confirmed the loss of Silesia to Prussia.

Answer: Dresden

A Franco-Prussian alliance beat Austria in the two Silesian Wars.
5. E. By a treaty in this city, then called Adrianople (1829) Russia secured the control of the Danube mouths and the right to protect Greece.

Answer: Edirne

The treaty successively led to Greek independence, confirmed at the London Conference (1830).
6. F. This city was the scene of the signing of the final peace of the Franco-Prussian war in 1871.

Answer: Frankfurt

France lost Alsace-Lorraine in this war and had to pay a very large sum in reparations to the newly united Germany.
7. G. This city was the scene (1576) of a treaty between the Protestant provinces of Holland and Zeeland. They agreed upon the terms on which they would accept a peace with Spain.

Answer: Ghent

Three years after the so called "Pacification of Ghent" the the seven northern provinces of the Netherlands formed the United Provinces by the Union of Utrecht (1579).
8. H. On February 15, 1763 a treaty was signed here between Prussia and Austria to end the European part of the Seven Years' War (1756-63). It was later followed by a final treaty, made in Paris the same year to end the non-European part of the war, also called the French and Indian War.

Answer: Hubertusburg

This war was fought between Britain, Hanover and Prussia on the one side and Russia, Austria, France, Spain and several German states on the other side. Prussia had already made a separate peace with Russia and Sweden and thus avoided giving away land though Prussia was a far weaker military power than Austria.

A final peace treaty concluded in Paris the same year Britan gained Canada, Louisiana east of the Mississippi, Grenada/Grenadines and Senegal from France. Spain lost Florida to Britain, but gained Louisiana west of the Mississippi (and New Orleans) from France instead. Spain also regained control of Cuba and the Philippines.
9. K. This city was the scene of the signing of a treaty (1699) by Austria, Poland, Venice and the Ottoman Empire in which the Ottomans formally ceded various lands in Europe which it had lost in the preceding war, thus making the beginning of the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire.

Answer: Karlowitz

By this treaty the Turks were forced out of Hungary by the Austrians. Karlowitz is today's Sremski Karlovci, Serbia.
10. L. By a treaty of this city (1629) Denmark withdrew from the Thirty Years' War.

Answer: Lübeck

Denmark had sided with the Protestants during this war from 1625 to 1629, but withdrew after losing several battles, especially in 1626 at Lutter am Barenberge.
11. M. The Treaty of Westphalia was signed here (1648) ending the Thirty Years' War.

Answer: Münster

By this treaty the German states were granted their sovereignty and the Austrian emperor retained only nominal control.
12. N. According to the peace treaty of this city (1721) Sweden lost Karelia to Russia after the Great Northern War (1700-21).

Answer: Nystad (Uusikaupunki)

The Great Northern War, which Sweden lost, was fought between Sweden on the one side and Denmark-Norway, Saxony-Poland, Russia, Prussia and Hanover on the other side. After the war Russia became the dominant power on the Baltic.
13. O. A peace treaty was signed here (1660) by which the war between Poland and Sweden (1655-60) was ended.

Answer: Oliva

As a result the northern part of Livonia was ceded to Sweden.
14. P. The following important treaties were signed here: 1763 (concluding the Seven Years' War), 1783 (War of American Independence), 1814 and 1815 (Napoleonic Wars), 1856 (Crimean War), 1898 (Spanish-American War).

Answer: Paris

Paris was also the scene of a peace conference at the end of WWI (Versailles).
15. R. According to the peace treaty of this city (1697) the War of the Grand Alliance, also called the War of the Palatinate or the War of the League of Augsburg (1688-97) was ended.

Answer: Rijswijk

This war was fought between France on the one side and the Netherlands, England and Spain on the other side. Louis XIV of France had claimed the Palatinate on behalf of his sister-in-law. He invaded the Palatinate in 1689. France lost the war, but kept Strasbourg and Alsace.
16. S. A peace treaty of this city (1878) led to the enlargement of the Balkan states (Bulgaria) at the expence of European Turkey.

Answer: San Stefano

By this treaty Bulgaria became an autonomous principality, including most of Macedonia. San Stefano is today's Yesilköy, Turkey.
17. T. By a treaty between France, Russia and Prussia signed here (1807) Napoleon reached the second high point of his career.

Answer: Tilsit

By this treaty, Russia was forced to become a French ally. Tilsit is today's Sovetsk in the Kaliningrad (Königsberg) region of Russia.
18. U. A treaty signed in this city (1713) ended the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1713/14).

Answer: Utrecht

By this treaty, along with the peace treaty of Rastatt (1714), Austria gained Spanish Netherlands, Naples, Milan, Mantua and Sardinia. Britain gained Gibraltar from Spain and the lands along the Hudson Bay, Newfoundland and Nova Scotia from France. Savoy gained Sicily, which it soon exchanged for Sardinia.
19. V. This city was the site of a congress (1814-15) which organized Europe following the reign of French Emperor Napoleon.

Answer: Vienna

The congress restored the kingdom in France (Bourbons). Austria consolidated its position but lost Belgium. The German Federation was formed and came under Austrian hegemony.
20. Z. After the War of Italian unification Napoleon III of France pressed for a quick reconciliation with Austria. This happened by a peace treaty in this city (1859).

Answer: Zürich

Italy was unified 1859-61 with Sardinia as the dominant power.
Source: Author author

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