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Quiz about Some History of the Great State of Maine
Quiz about Some History of the Great State of Maine

Some History of the Great State of Maine Quiz


This quiz is on the history of the Pine Tree State, the most northeastern state of the U.S.

A multiple-choice quiz by littlepup. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
littlepup
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
384,234
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
7 / 10
Plays
227
Awards
Top 35% Quiz
Question 1 of 10
1. What people inhabited the area of Maine 4,000 years ago, long before Europeans? They are known primarily for the color they used in their burials. Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. What medical procedure was first performed in North America in the current state of Maine, as a French doctor tried to figure out why settlers were dying in the winter of 1604-1605? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Maine received statehood in 1819-1820 as part of a compromise with what other state? The other state would join as a slave state while Maine would join as a free state. Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. How many men were killed in the hard-fought Aroostook War between the USA and Great Britain, over the subject of Maine's northeastern boundary in 1838-39? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. What native product was Maine most known for producing and transporting from the forests to the coast, by floating it down the rivers, in the early 19th Century? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. Moses Greenleaf wrote in A Survey of Maine, 1829, that the agricultural products were: "corn, wheat, oats, barley, rye, peas and beans, -------, flax, hops." What product did I leave out, that Maine has been known for, even before Irish immigrants arrived? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. When the Civil War approached, Maine's French-Canadians connected the state politically and socially to the French settlers of Louisiana, so Maine had the most Copperheads (southern sympathizers) of any northern state.


Question 8 of 10
8. Which politician from the Civil War era was either born in or lived in Maine? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. Portland cement hardens underwater, unlike other cements. It was developed in Portland, Maine in the early 19th century and produced elsewhere under license from the original patent.


Question 10 of 10
10. The Battle of Portland Harbor was one of the most northern Civil War battles. June 26-27, 1863, Confederate raiders clashed with US soldiers garrisoned at Fort Preble plus 100 citizen volunteers and commandeered ships, in a war that echoed Maine's Aroostook War a generation earlier. How many men in total were killed? Hint



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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. What people inhabited the area of Maine 4,000 years ago, long before Europeans? They are known primarily for the color they used in their burials.

Answer: Red Paint People

We don't understand much about the Red Paint People, who disappeared for unknown reasons around 1,000 B.C., just as we don't know much about their arrival around 3,000 B.C. or before. They used red ochre in funeral rites. They apparently were able to catch swordfish from boats, and also lived by eating more mundane birds, shellfish and roots and berries, and had tools made of bone or stone, though no pottery has been linked to them.
2. What medical procedure was first performed in North America in the current state of Maine, as a French doctor tried to figure out why settlers were dying in the winter of 1604-1605?

Answer: autopsy

French settlers arrived in 1604 at St. Croix Island, which has been given many names but is just off the coast of Maine near the Canadian border. A skull was discovered in 2003 that was neatly opened and reclosed, matching Samuel Champlain's memoirs that said the settlement's barber-surgeon was told to "open several of the men to determine the cause of their illness." It's an unusual "first," but someplace has to claim it!
3. Maine received statehood in 1819-1820 as part of a compromise with what other state? The other state would join as a slave state while Maine would join as a free state.

Answer: Missouri

It's called the Missouri Compromise, but the Maine-Missouri Compromise is more accurate. On March 15, 1820, Maine split from Massachusetts and gained its own statehood, with William King as governor. Allowing one slave state and one free state kept the delicate balance of power between the two.
4. How many men were killed in the hard-fought Aroostook War between the USA and Great Britain, over the subject of Maine's northeastern boundary in 1838-39?

Answer: 0

Called a war, it was more of a diplomatic negotation with militia standing by. No shots were fired. American Daniel Webster and Britain's Lord Ashburton negotiated the Wesbter-Ashburton Treaty in 1842, in which both sides would compromise with land and money. Webster learned of a map in Paris that showed Britain was entitled to the land, while Lord Ashburton discovered a map that showed the Americans owned the land. Each concealed his map from the other, but realized they needed to negotiate quickly and fairly, and the crisis was soon resolved.
5. What native product was Maine most known for producing and transporting from the forests to the coast, by floating it down the rivers, in the early 19th Century?

Answer: timber

Pine dominated Maine's timber industry, and the swift spring streams were used to float trees to the coast. There, they could be shipped whole, or sawn into timber or smaller pieces at the increasing number of sawmills before being shipped coastwise, or the wood could be used in Maine's growing shipbuilding industry.
6. Moses Greenleaf wrote in A Survey of Maine, 1829, that the agricultural products were: "corn, wheat, oats, barley, rye, peas and beans, -------, flax, hops." What product did I leave out, that Maine has been known for, even before Irish immigrants arrived?

Answer: potatoes

Maine's cold winters and short summers made agriculture difficult, but many items could be adapted to the climate. The potato was one, and when railroads increased in the 1840s, making shipping to the more southern states easier, agricultural production increased too. Maine continued to increase as a potato-producing center into the mid-20th Century, when Idaho and other areas superceded it.
7. When the Civil War approached, Maine's French-Canadians connected the state politically and socially to the French settlers of Louisiana, so Maine had the most Copperheads (southern sympathizers) of any northern state.

Answer: False

On the contrary, Maine leaned strongly toward the union and sent a higher percentage of its young men off to war than any other federal state. Being an offspring of Massachusetts and full of small farmers who sympathized with free-soil politics similar to those in Wisconsin or Minnesota, Maine was a natural fit with the Republican party.
8. Which politician from the Civil War era was either born in or lived in Maine?

Answer: US Vice President Hannibal Hamlin

Lawyer, career politician, and veteran of the Aroostook War, Hamlin had long been anti-slavery and switched from the Democrat to the new Republican party in 1856. He was chosen to balance the Lincoln ticket geographically and to encourage Democrats to follow his example. Patriotic and bored, he joined the Maine State Guard, Co. A, while still vice president and served some time as a cook at Fort McClary, Kittery Point, Maine.

He was replaced for Lincoln's second term with Vice President Andrew Johnson, as part of an attempt to better balance the party with a southerner, and missed an opportunity to become president upon Lincoln's death.
9. Portland cement hardens underwater, unlike other cements. It was developed in Portland, Maine in the early 19th century and produced elsewhere under license from the original patent.

Answer: False

There is a Portland, Maine, and a Portland cement, but the two have no connection. The cement was named because it looked like Portland stone from the Isle of Portland, Dorset, England. Portland, Oregon was named after the Maine city, though. The Maine city's seal is a phoenix, to show it rising from the flames of four big fires to become Maine's largest city.
10. The Battle of Portland Harbor was one of the most northern Civil War battles. June 26-27, 1863, Confederate raiders clashed with US soldiers garrisoned at Fort Preble plus 100 citizen volunteers and commandeered ships, in a war that echoed Maine's Aroostook War a generation earlier. How many men in total were killed?

Answer: 0

The raiders were captured and had to be sent to Fort Warren in Boston Harbor for their own safety. Though neither this raid or the Aroostook War had casualties, Mainers have hardly lacked bravery when they've been where the fighting was. Joshua Chamberlain, who coincidentally died in Portland, Maine in 1914, led the 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry at Gettysburg less than a week later in a dramatic and famous bayonet charge at Little Round Top. The 1st Maine Heavy Artillery suffered more casualties in an 1864 charge at Petersburg than any other US regiment during the war.
Source: Author littlepup

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