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1. It is generally accepted that there were three main schools of rhetoric competing in Ancient Greece: the Aristotelian school, the Platonic school, and the Sophistic school. The Aristotelian and Platonic schools were named because they followed the dictates of their greatest contributors Aristotle and Plato. But how did the Sophistic school get its name?
2. Plato held that the true purpose of rhetoric should be to seek truth. In his work "Phaedrus", he examined the human soul's search to return to the absolute truth of all things, which could only be found in a place beyond the earth's boundaries. Represented by an evil horse, what was it that held back the soul in its pursuit of truth?
3. Students of Platonic rhetoric believed that absolute truth is only attainable by reading sacred texts.
4. According to Platonic rhetorical ideas, in which of the following ways should speakers reach the members of any of the audiences to which they might be speaking?
5. In Aristotle's "Rhetoric", he claims that the art of rhetoric includes "the ability, in each particular case, to see the available means of persuasion." Which of the following is not one of Aristotle's three famous modes of persuasion?
6. Students of Aristotelian rhetoric believed that knowledge invented by humans (which is meant to persuade) can only be probable and never absolute.
7. Aristotle believed rhetoric to be an art that can be categorized and learned, and that there can be generic audience situations. By understanding the similarities between different audiences, we can try to guess what techniques will be most effective. What are these techniques in rhetoric called?
8. Which of the following is the correct spelling of the Greek considered to be a Sophist rhetorician and Attic orator (and not to be confused with Socrates)?
9. Sophistic rhetoric was reviled by the other schools of rhetoric, but especially the Platonic school. In fact, the two schools are often considered opposites of one another. What idea about truth in Sophism was so contrary to Platonic ideas?
10. In accordance to Sophistic ideas, what would a Sophist proclaim about how truthful the answer to this question is?
Source: Author trident
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