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Quiz about European Enclaves and Microstates
Quiz about European Enclaves and Microstates

European Enclaves and Microstates Quiz


This quiz takes a tour around some of the smaller European states and territories. Let's see what you know.

A multiple-choice quiz by suomy. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
suomy
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
373,448
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
8 / 10
Plays
440
Last 3 plays: Guest 96 (9/10), CardoQ (9/10), jonnowales (7/10).
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Question 1 of 10
1. A microstate is a sovereign state with either a small population, a small land area, or both. This religious one is a walled territory with the smallest area of any independent European state. In which country will you find it? Hint


Question 2 of 10
2. Campione d'Italia is an exclave of Italy. It is a part of Italy completely surrounded by another country and is some 14 kilometres by road from the nearest Italian town. Which country surrounds this piece of Italy? Hint


Question 3 of 10
3. Mount Athos is a mountainous peninsula protruding into the Aegean Sea and is home to twenty East Orthodox monasteries and around 2,000 monks. In which country can you find this autonomous region? Hint


Question 4 of 10
4. The Ċland Islands lie just off the coast of Sweden in the Baltic Sea. They are an autonomous and demilitarised region at the entrance of the Gulf of Bothnia. Which country do the islands belong to? Hint


Question 5 of 10
5. The Principality of Sealand is a decommissioned Maunsell naval fort sitting on a sandbar in the English Channel about 11 kilometres from Suffolk, England. During which war was it built? Hint


Question 6 of 10
6. Skiing is the mainstay of this European microstate's economy. What is the name of this landlocked principality in the Pyrenees? Hint


Question 7 of 10
7. The Faroe Islands lie off the north of Scotland and mid-way between Norway and Iceland. An autonomous country, which kingdom has it formed part of since 1814? Hint


Question 8 of 10
8. Which German-speaking alpine principality has a talent for making false teeth? Hint


Question 9 of 10
9. A strategically important shipping base, this island country has had many different rulers including Phoenicians, Romans, Moors and Normans. It gained independence in 1964 from the United Kingdom. What is its name? Hint


Question 10 of 10
10. San Marino started as a monastic community founded in 301 AD. Which country surrounds this microstate? Hint



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Most Recent Scores
Mar 02 2024 : Guest 96: 9/10
Feb 28 2024 : CardoQ: 9/10
Feb 21 2024 : jonnowales: 7/10
Feb 17 2024 : Guest 184: 10/10
Feb 01 2024 : Guest 82: 6/10
Jan 17 2024 : DeepHistory: 10/10

Score Distribution

quiz
Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. A microstate is a sovereign state with either a small population, a small land area, or both. This religious one is a walled territory with the smallest area of any independent European state. In which country will you find it?

Answer: Italy

The Vatican City is the state described in the question. It is in Rome, capital of Italy, and has an economy based on the sale of stamps, publications, tourist goods, museum fees and Peter's Pence (a voluntary donation made by Roman Catholics throughout the world).

It has been in existence as an independent state since 1929 when Mussolini signed the Lateran Treaty on behalf of the Italian king.
2. Campione d'Italia is an exclave of Italy. It is a part of Italy completely surrounded by another country and is some 14 kilometres by road from the nearest Italian town. Which country surrounds this piece of Italy?

Answer: Switzerland

Only some 1.6 square kilometres in area and less than a kilometre from the rest of Italy at its closest, Campione d'Italia is surrounded by the mountains of the Swiss canton of Ticino. Italian is the sole official language in this Swiss canton. Campione started off as a Roman garrison, and it turned down the opportunity to join the Swiss Confederation in 1814. In turn, the town's request in 1848 to be annexed by the Swiss was turned down.

Quirks of the town include the Swiss Franc being legal tender and phoning from Italy requires an international call (unless you are calling the town hall). Here you will also find a casino, the town's biggest employer which exploits lax gaming laws.
3. Mount Athos is a mountainous peninsula protruding into the Aegean Sea and is home to twenty East Orthodox monasteries and around 2,000 monks. In which country can you find this autonomous region?

Answer: Greece

The Autonomous Monastic State of the Holy Mountain (as it is officially known) is situated in Macedonia, Greece. The land extends to some 335 square kilometres. Although a peninsula, access is only available by sea. Technically a part of the European Union (and so receiving EU funding), the free movement of people and goods through the territory is prohibited without the consent of the Athonite State's authorities.

Women are banned to help the monks stay celibate and lessen the distractions on the road to spiritual enlightenment. The ban has been in place since the eleventh century, although there has been the occasional woman taking up the challenge of an unsanctioned visit.
4. The Ċland Islands lie just off the coast of Sweden in the Baltic Sea. They are an autonomous and demilitarised region at the entrance of the Gulf of Bothnia. Which country do the islands belong to?

Answer: Finland

The 1809 Treaty of Fredrikshamn brought the Finnish War to an end and saw the Swedes cede around a third of their then country to the Russians, including the strategically important Ċland Islands. The ceded territory later formed the bulk of the independent country of Finland.

These Finnish islands are unusual in being monolingual, Swedish-speaking by law. The 2013 population was around 28,000. The islands were home to copious quantities of one species of mosquito, which was responsible for malaria outbreaks in the islands for at least 150 years. It was also the species which revealed the transmission mechanism for malaria in 1898.
5. The Principality of Sealand is a decommissioned Maunsell naval fort sitting on a sandbar in the English Channel about 11 kilometres from Suffolk, England. During which war was it built?

Answer: Second World War

The Second World War saw the construction by Britain of a number of forts to protect various shipping lanes. Sealand was originally HM Fort Rough, a concrete pontoon built in 1943 and towed into position before being flooded to secure it on the sandbank.

The Royal Navy last had a permanent presence in the fort during 1956. A former pirate radio station operator took it over and declared its independence, naming it the Principality of Sealand and himself as His Royal Highness Prince Paddy Roy Bates, The Sovereign Prince of Sealand. Its history includes an invasion, a government in exile, and being put up for sale.
6. Skiing is the mainstay of this European microstate's economy. What is the name of this landlocked principality in the Pyrenees?

Answer: Andorra

Andorra sits on the border between France and Spain, and has Europe's highest capital, Andorra la Vella, at 1,023 metres in altitude. It is a monarchy ruled nominally by the President of France and the Spanish Bishop of Urgell, acting as co-princes.

A written constitution was adopted in 1993, limiting the powers of the co-princes. Up until then, a tribute was paid to them in alternate years. Inflation since the Middle Ages has no doubt impacted on the value of this. At one time, the Bishop was receiving roughly $12, six hams, six cheeses and six live chickens.

In 2008 around 80% of Andorra's GDP came from tourism with skiing-related tourism accounting for 70% of that. Its duty-free status makes it attractive to visitors with some ten million tourists recorded in 2008.
7. The Faroe Islands lie off the north of Scotland and mid-way between Norway and Iceland. An autonomous country, which kingdom has it formed part of since 1814?

Answer: Denmark

Although it did have a Norwegian phase, the Danes took over after the Treaty of Kiel in 1814. There is evidence to suggest that, before the Vikings arrived, the original settlers were Irish, Scottish or Scandinavian. DNA analysis of the current population indicates that most males can trace their lineage to Scandinavia and most females are of Scottish descent.

The Faroese have a high degree of self-governance, however they still receive a financial subsidy from Denmark. When Denmark joined the European Union, the Faroese chose not to. As a result, Danes living in the Faroe Islands are specifically excluded from being EU citizens. Fishing is the main source of income for the islands.
8. Which German-speaking alpine principality has a talent for making false teeth?

Answer: Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein is sandwiched between Switzerland and Austria, and extends to about 160 square kilometres with a 2013 estimated population of just over 37,000. The western border is formed by the Rhine.

Its low corporate tax rate and tax haven status has turned it into one of the richest countries in the world (per capita) with a listing of registered companies larger than its population. This is a far cry from the time when the Prince of Liechtenstein was having to sell art treasures in order to meet bills after the Second World War.

Although known as a tax haven, the financial sector accounts for less than a third of the economy. Liechtenstein is a big player in the area of dental products such as false teeth. It also is a significant producer of ceramics.
9. A strategically important shipping base, this island country has had many different rulers including Phoenicians, Romans, Moors and Normans. It gained independence in 1964 from the United Kingdom. What is its name?

Answer: Malta

Man's presence in Malta dates back to possibly 5,200 BC, tying in with the extinction of the dwarf hippo and pygmy elephant there. Theories as to the origin of the name 'Malta' link it to the honey produced by the endemic bee or the numerous natural harbours possessed by the island.

Although having a history of invasions, sieges and piracy (for example, the entire population of the island of Gozo, some 5,000 people, were taken as slaves by Barbary pirates in 1551), the Maltese were not conquered by the British but asked to become a British Dominion.
10. San Marino started as a monastic community founded in 301 AD. Which country surrounds this microstate?

Answer: Italy

At the beginning of the 19th century, Italy had had several centuries as a series of fragmented city states under foreign control. Unification took place during the 19th century but San Marino avoided this after providing sanctuary to one of the key players, Giuseppe Garibaldi, in exchange for a guarantee of independence.

San Marino claims to have the oldest written constitution in the world, a six-volume work in Latin dating to the late 16th century. The country's wealth does not come from gambling since casinos are illegal. Banking, electronics and ceramics are the main industries. Although not a member of the European Union, the Sammarinese have a dispensation to use the euro as their currency. As you can imagine, Italy plays a key role in supporting this landlocked country.
Source: Author suomy

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor Pagiedamon before going online.
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