Quiz about 100 Greatest Britons  Part 3
Quiz about 100 Greatest Britons  Part 3

100 Greatest Britons - Part 3 Trivia Quiz


Here is the third in my series of quizzes inspired by the BBC public vote to find the 100 greatest Britons of all time. This quiz covers 80-71, in reverse order.

A multiple-choice quiz by Supersal1. Estimated time: 4 mins.
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Author
Supersal1
Time
4 mins
Type
Multiple Choice
Quiz #
301,796
Updated
Dec 03 21
# Qns
10
Difficulty
Average
Avg Score
8 / 10
Plays
2742
Awards
Top 10% Quiz
Last 3 plays: Guest 185 (7/10), Guest 165 (8/10), CaJiPaDo (8/10).
This quiz has 2 formats: you can play it as a or as shown below.
Scroll down to the bottom for the answer key.
1. What is Charles Babbage (1791-1871) credited with inventing? Hint

First microwave oven
First telephone
First radio set
First computer

2. The next person on the list was Britain's last Liberal Prime Minister in the twentieth century. Who was he? Hint

Herbert Asquith
William Gladstone
David Lloyd George
Jeremy Thorpe

3. Edward Jenner (1749-1823) was credited with inventing a safe and effective vaccination against which disease? Hint

Smallpox
Tuberculosis
Polio
Typhoid

4. Enough people thought that singer Robbie Williams was a great enough Briton to appear on the list. Oh well, each to their own. Robbie was a member of which boy band from 1990-1995?

Hint

Westlife
McFly
Boyzone
Take That

5. I won't ask you to name the next person as he is the Unknown Warrior. Where in England would one find his tomb?

Hint

St Paul's Cathedral
York Minster
Canterbury Cathedral
Westminster Abbey

6. Despite being Irish, this one time member of the Boomtown Rats appears on the list. I suspect this is because of his humanitarian activities rather than for his musical contribution. He was once married to Paula Yates. Who is he? Hint

Pete Briquette
Johnny Fingers
Bob Geldof
Gerry Cott

7. Which Scottish leader is said to have been inspired by a spider's repeated attempts to spin a web? Hint

William Wallace
Robert the Bruce
John de Balliol
Macbeth

8. Aleister Crowley (1875-1947) was known as "The wickedest man in the world". What were his given names? Hint

Alexander Edward
Ernest Anthony
Anthony Ernest
Edward Alexander

9. Which King was victorious at the Battle of Agincourt? Hint

Henry IV
Henry V
Henry VI
Henry VII

10. What organisation was founded by William Booth in 1865? Hint

The Red Cross
The Boy Scouts
The Salvation Army
The Temperance Society


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Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. What is Charles Babbage (1791-1871) credited with inventing?

Answer: First computer

Babbage's "difference engine" was an early type of calculator. He drew up plans for a second, more complex "difference engine" but this was not built until 2002. It comprised around 8,000 parts and weighed five tons, so it was a little difficult to have perched on one's desk! He also designed an "analytical engine", which could be programmed using punchcards.
2. The next person on the list was Britain's last Liberal Prime Minister in the twentieth century. Who was he?

Answer: David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George (1863-1945) was Prime Minister from 1916-1922. He was born in England but was of Welsh descent. His family returned to live in Wales when he was an infant. English was his second language, his first being Welsh. As Chancellor of the Exchequer he was largely responsible for many welfare reforms, such as state aid to the sick, old age pensions and unemployment benefit.
3. Edward Jenner (1749-1823) was credited with inventing a safe and effective vaccination against which disease?

Answer: Smallpox

Edward Jenner was a country doctor. He had heard the old wives' tales that folk who worked with cattle didn't contract smallpox, and from his own observations found this to be true. However, they did contract the relatively mild disease of cowpox, and in fact there are records of farmers deliberately exposing their families to cowpox to give them immunity from the dreaded smallpox. There had been attempts at vaccination by actually using the smallpox virus, but this was very risky.

Jenner refined this technique by infecting a young boy with material taken from cowpox blisters from a young milkmaid. The boy caught cowpox and recovered. Jenner then infected him with material from smallpox blisters, but the boy did not develop the disease.

His theories were initially treated with scepticism but were eventually taken up by the medical establishment. He refused to patent his invention, on the grounds that it should be available to all, not just the rich.

The word vaccination comes from the Latin for cow - vacca.
4. Enough people thought that singer Robbie Williams was a great enough Briton to appear on the list. Oh well, each to their own. Robbie was a member of which boy band from 1990-1995?

Answer: Take That

Take That had eight number one hits between 1993-1996. Robbie Williams (b. 1974) had six solo number one hits between 1998 and 2004 and has sold over 55,000,000 records in total.
5. I won't ask you to name the next person as he is the Unknown Warrior. Where in England would one find his tomb?

Answer: Westminster Abbey

The Tomb of the Unknown Warrior represents all those who fell in WWI and have no marked resting place. In 1920, several bodies were exhumed from unmarked graves in various areas of the Western Front. Each was covered with a Union Jack, and one was chosen as the Unknown Warrior. On interment in the abbey, the coffin was covered with soil from the main battlefields, and buried beneath a slab of black marble. It is the only tomb in Westminster Abbey that visitors are forbidden to walk on.

When Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and consort to George VI) married she placed her bouquet on the tomb. This has become a tradition for every royal bride who is married in Westminster Abbey. The Queen Mother wanted her funeral wreath to be placed on the tomb, and The Queen carried out this wish the day after the Queen Mother's funeral.
6. Despite being Irish, this one time member of the Boomtown Rats appears on the list. I suspect this is because of his humanitarian activities rather than for his musical contribution. He was once married to Paula Yates. Who is he?

Answer: Bob Geldof

Bob Geldof (b. 1951) was instrumental in organising the Live Aid and Live 8 concerts. He and Midge Ure wrote "Do They Know It's Christmas". Live Aid has raised over 150,000,000 and Bob received an honorary knighthood in 1986. He has also been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
7. Which Scottish leader is said to have been inspired by a spider's repeated attempts to spin a web?

Answer: Robert the Bruce

Robert the Bruce (1274-1329) was crowned King of Scotland in 1305. He was not acknowledged as King by the English, and the two countries continued to fight a series of battles, culminating in the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314. King Edward III of England signed the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton in 1328. This recognised that Scotland was an independent country.
8. Aleister Crowley (1875-1947) was known as "The wickedest man in the world". What were his given names?

Answer: Edward Alexander

Aleister Crowley was born into a strict Plymouth Brethren family, and rebelled against their teachings at an early age. He changed his name to avoid comparisons with his father, who shared the same name. Aleister Crowley is associated with the occult, drug taking and sexual permissiveness. I'm not sure why he is on the list of 100 Greatest Britons. I suspect that had he been born in a later age, no-one would have taken very much notice!
9. Which King was victorious at the Battle of Agincourt?

Answer: Henry V

Henry V (c. 1386-1422) started his military career at an early age, sustaining a serious wound at the battle of Shrewsbury in 1403. He was named as heir to the throne of France under the Treaty of Troyes in 1420. However, he died (probably of dysentery) in 1422.
10. What organisation was founded by William Booth in 1865?

Answer: The Salvation Army

William Booth (1829-1912) was a Methodist preacher. He also firmly believed that it was his Christian duty to assist those less well off than himself. He and his wife Catherine founded the Whitechapel Christian Mission in the socially deprived East End of London in 1865, to assist the poor of that area. By 1878 this had been reorganised on military lines, and from then on was known as the Salvation Army. Today the Salvation Army is active in over one hundred countries.
Source: Author Supersal1

This quiz was reviewed by FunTrivia editor bloomsby before going online.
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