Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. She was the queen consort of King Edward III and was described as "the most gentle queen, most liberal, and most courteous that ever was queen in her days." The queen proved it many times, especially when she persuaded King Edward to spare the lives of the Burghers of Calais whom he wanted to execute. Their 40-year marriage had been happy, despite Edward's adulterous affairs, due to the fact that after giving birth to 14 children, the queen became stout. She was the mother of Edward, the Black Prince. Who is she?
2. She was the wife of William the Conqueror and mother of two kings, William II and Henry I. She always supported her husband and even outfitted a ship, "Mora", out of her own money, which she gave to him to invade England. She was a direct descendant of Alfred the Great. All sovereigns of England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom have been descended from her, including Elizabeth II. Who is she?
3. Relatively little is known of this queen, wife of King Richard I of England. Their marriage was a political rather than a romantic union and there were doubts whether the marriage was even consummated. She was reputed to be the only English queen who had never set her foot in the country. Who is she?
4. She was the wife of Edward IV that was called "the most beautiful woman in the Island of Britain" with "heavy-lidded eyes like those of a dragon". She was one of the main figures in the Wars of the Roses. The king's decision to marry her was one of the reasons why Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick known as "The Kingmaker", preferred the House of Lancaster. She was the mother of the so called Princes in the Tower, Elizabeth of York (future queen consort of England), Grandmother of Henry VIII and the ancestress of the Stuart, Hanover, and Windsor dynasties. Who is she?
5. She was queen consort of Richard II, King of England during the time of the Hundred Years' War. This queen was the daughter of King Charles VI who, due to his mental instability, was known as the Mad. She became the queen when she was six. Although the union was political, Richard II and the child queen developed a mutually respectful relationship. Who is she?
6. England and Richard II got this queen due to the Great Schism in the Papacy and despite the fact that she had no dowry and her future husband had to give 20,000 florins in payment to her siblings. No wonder that she couldn't be called "Mrs. Popularity". Nevertheless, the king loved her and never reproached her for not bearing children. Her death from plague in 1394 was a blow to Richard who ordered an inscription on her tomb that ran "beauteous in body and her face was gentle and pretty". Who is she?
7. She is my favorite queen, the queen who managed to be queen consort of France, wife of Louis VII, and queen consort of England, wife of Henry II. This woman was well versed in music and literature, schooled in riding, hawking, hunting and was exceptionally beautiful. She even took active part in the Second Crusade. She was mother of Richard the Lionheart and spent many years in prison for supporting her sons' revolt against her husband. Two great actresses, Katharine Hepburn and Glenn Close, depicted this great queen. Who is she?
8. She was queen consort of England as spouse of King Henry VII and mother of King Henry VIII, Margaret, Queen of Scotland, and Mary, Queen of France. She was also great-grandmother of James I of England, from whom all subsequent British monarchs are descended. Henry's marriage to her united the two rival houses, York and Lancaster. The marriage proved successful and both partners cared for each other. She was the first English queen to have been a daughter, sister, niece and wife of English monarchs during her lifetime. Who is she?
9. This queen was the second wife of Henry I, who married her in order to get a male heir after losing his only legitimate son, William Adelin. However, no children were born during the marriage. She played little part in the public life but managed to become a patron of literature. Several years after Henry's death, she married one of Henry's chief advisors, William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel. One of her descendants was one of the twenty-five guarantors of the Magna Carta. Who is she?
10. This heroine was queen consort of England as the devoted and beloved wife of King Henry III of England. All her three sisters became queens. The queen was renowned for her beauty, cleverness, skill at writing poetry and her taste. The queen was deeply hated by her subjects because she had brought a large number of relatives with her and they were given influential positions in the government. She was the mother of King Edward I of England. Who is she?
Source: Author Bunny1981
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