Quiz Answer Key and Fun Facts
1. Henry VII became King of England, founding the Tudor dynasty, when he defeated Richard III at what final battle of the Wars of the Roses?
2. Henry VIII had a little-remembered older brother, who married Catherine of Aragon and would have become king before him, had he not been a sickly youth and died in his teenage years. What was this brother's name?
3. Think back to the old rhyme, still used by schoolchildren to remember Henry VIII's wives: 'Divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived.' Who was his fifth wife, the second to be beheaded?
4. Wife Number Five was cousin to another of Henry's wives. Which wife was #5's cousin?
5. Henry VIII married Anne of Cleves (Wife Number Four) largely on the basis of a portrait Hans Holbein had painted of her. Sadly, however, Anne and Henry were not quite as impressed with each other when they met in real life. By what unflattering name did Henry reportedly refer to his bride?
6. Henry VIII's final wife (Number Six) survived him, despite frequent arguments on religion. After Henry's death she married a courtier, Thomas Seymour (later beheaded for conspiring against King Edward VI) and died giving birth to his daughter. Who was this Dowager Queen?
7. After Henry VIII's death, his son -- still a child -- succeeded him. What was the son's name?
8. One of the very few lasting achievements of Henry's son's reign was a prayerbook for the Anglican Church. What was the name of this prayerbook?
9. When Henry's son died, there was a brief plot by Lord Northumberland to lock both of Henry's daughters out of the succession by placing a cousin on the throne. What was the name of this girl, who reigned for nine days and was then imprisoned and beheaded by Mary?
10. Mary I caused quite a stir not only because she was Catholic, but also because she married a man who would in a few months' time become Philip II of what nation, the on-again, off-again enemy of England?
11. One of the most terrible failures of Mary's reign was the loss of what French city, the last English foothold in France?
12. When Mary died, she was succeeded by her sister Elizabeth I, otherwise known as Good Queen Bess and other nicknames. What Crown colony, now a U.S. state, was named for her -- or, more accurately, for an aspect of her character?
13. The closest Elizabeth I ever got to marriage was with a French duke, brother of the King and son of Catherine de'Medici, with whom she actually contracted a marriage before things fell apart. What was he duke of?
14. In a stirring speech to her soldiers before the Spanish Armada was to land - and before the English had word the Armada had been defeated at sea -, Elizabeth I urged them to fight for their country to the last man. Said she, 'I know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman, but I have the heart and stomach of a _______________...' What word finishes the quote, according to the recollection of Leonel Sharp?
15. When she died childless in 1603, Elizabeth I left her throne to James of Scotland, son of Mary, Queen of Scots. Thus, the crown of England passed from the Tudor dynasty to what other dynasty?
Source: Author CellarDoor
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